Emergency CRP Haying And Grazing
USDA has announced expansion of CRP acreage open for
emergency practices, such as haying and grazing, to provide drought
relief for producers. The expansion will allow livestock producers from
eligible counties to obtain needed hay or forage. The expanded area
radiates 150 miles out from any county approved for emergency haying and
grazing in any of the following states: Alabama, Colorado, Kansas,
Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas and
"Drought conditions have created serious hardships for many farmers and
ranchers in the Great Plains and other areas across the country," Chuck
Conner, USDA deputy secretary, explains. He says producers can find a
map of counties approved for emergency haying and grazing with an
approximate 150-mile radius by clicking "Conservation" at www.fsa.usda.gov.
Additionally, producers' CRP rental payment will be reduced by only 10%
instead of the standard 25% on CRP lands that are grazed in 2006. To be
approved for emergency haying or grazing, a county must be listed as a
level "D3 Drought -- Extreme" or greater, or have suffered at least a
40% loss of normal moisture and forage for the preceding four-month
Connor also reminds state USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) committees that
they may authorize emergency haying or grazing of CRP in counties
currently listed as level D3 drought, according to the U.S. Drought
Monitor. CRP participants should submit applications with their local
FSA offices upon approval.
Only livestock operations located within approved counties are eligible
for emergency haying or grazing of CRP acreage. CRP participants who do
not own or lease livestock may rent or lease the grazing privilege to an
eligible livestock farmer located in an approved county.
- Livestock producers in counties approved for emergency haying
or grazing assistance may purchase hay or conduct emergency haying and
grazing of eligible CRP acreage from CRP participants (in the expanded
area) willing to provide hay or haying and grazing.
- Livestock producers in counties approved for emergency haying or
grazing assistance must certify they are an eligible livestock producer
in an eligible county approved for emergency haying and grazing and that
they are requesting emergency haying and grazing of eligible CRP acreage
from another eligible CRP participant in the expanded area who is
willing to provide hay or grazing.
- The primary nesting and brood-rearing season of the state where the
land to be hayed or grazed is located will be respected. For example, a
portion of Minnesota is within the 150-mile range of North Dakota
counties approved for emergency haying and grazing. Minnesota's nesting
season ends Aug. 1. Livestock producers in North Dakota counties
approved for emergency haying and grazing and who wish to hay or graze
CRP acreage in Minnesota may begin Aug. 2.
For all land enrolled in CRP that has been approved for emergency haying
and grazing, the 10% payment reduction will be assessed based on the
number of acres actually hayed or grazed times the CRP annual rental
rate. CRP participants who prepaid the 25% payment reduction will have
the difference refunded.
In addition to making forage available on CRP land, USDA is operating a
range of programs to assist producers affected by drought or other
natural disasters. More info on emergency haying and grazing is
available at local FSA offices and online at: www.fsa.usda.gov,
click on "Conservation."
An open-and-shut case.
The case for Strategic Parasite Control is stronger than ever.
Especially where liver flukes reduce conception rates, weaning weights
and rate of gain. Reduce the number of open cows. Shut the door on
flukes and other internal and external parasites with
IVOMEC® Plus (ivermectin/clorsulon).
®IVOMEC and the CATTLE HEAD LOGO are registered trademarks of
Merial. © 2005 Merial Limited. Duluth, GA. All right
BSE-Driven Chaos Continues
By the time you read this, it's possible that USDA will
have announced limited resumption of beef trade with Japan. At least
that was the media speculation over the past weekend. Meanwhile, BSE
continues to drive and cast doubt over a variety of policy decisions.
Consider the past two weeks alone:
- Canada discovered its sixth and seventh cases of BSE; the latter
a 50-month old female born after the feeding ban went into place. Just
as USDA was finalizing the paperwork to resume allowing imports of
Canadian cattle over 30 months of age.
- A beef roast reportedly found its way into an order of turkey and
pork that was shipped to Japan.
- Creekstone Farms has asked for a summary judgment in its suit
against USDA. As you'll recall, Creekstone wants to test its beef for
BSE; USDA has refused.
- Talks with South Korea remain in a stalemate.
- Now Russia is demanding to audit U.S. pork and beef freezing
Forage Stockpiling Tips
Tall fescue leads the forage stockpiling pack when it
comes to fall yields. According to University of Minnesota (UM)
researchers, this perennial served up 20% more yield in the fall than
its closest competitor in that part of the country. Researchers
conducted the evaluation at the UM research center in Morris, MN. The
various species were evaluated from July 15 to harvest prior to a
Tall fescue had the greatest fall yield and among the greatest total
season yields of eight species evaluated. Reed canarygrass and
orchardgrass were second to tall fescue in stockpile yield, producing
about 600 lbs./acre less forage dry matter (about 20% less). Since yield
data for alfalfa represents the sum of two harvests (mid-August and
mid-September), alfalfa would likely not be a good candidate for
stockpile management. Even birdsfoot trefoil produced over 1 ton/acre of
stockpiled forage; however, the researchers say it would be important to
use this forage prior to a killing frost since substantial loss in yield
and quality would be expected.
Though any forage species or mixture can be stockpiled, the researchers
emphasize some species lend themselves more readily to the practice than
others. As an example, they say tall fescue is among the best grass
species for stockpiling because: 1) It is productive in the fall; 2) Its
feeding value deteriorates relatively slowly after a hard frost; 3) It
accumulates a high concentration of soluble carbohydrates (readily
digestible energy for grazing cattle) in response to fall conditions; 4)
It forms a tough sod which can recover from animal trampling during the
wet conditions that can sometimes occur during the stockpile-grazing
Recent experiments in Minnesota and Wisconsin have demonstrated tall
fescue's potential for stockpiling in this region; but only
endophyte-free tall fescue seed should be used. They also suggest to
seed small acreages initially if cattle farmers have not seeded tall
For producers in that neck of the woods, researchers say:
For the complete report click here.
- Earlier stockpile initiation (June to early July) will produce
relatively more yield of lower quality forage. Later stockpile
initiation (late July to August) will produce relatively less yield of
higher quality forage.
- Application of either synthetic or organic nitrogen at the
initiation of stockpiling grasses is essential. For synthetic nitrogen,
40-60 lbs. nitrogen/acres is recommended.
- Yield of stockpiled forage will generally increase until the first
hard frost. After this, both yield and quality of the forage will
decline. The energy level of the forage will deteriorate more than its
protein level, so supplementation should most often be geared first
toward meeting energy needs. In Wisconsin research, digestibility of
stockpiled grasses declined from about 74% in October, to 71% in
December, and about 65% the following March. Over the same period, crude
protein percentage declined only 1%, from about 12% to about 11%. In
addition, forage quality of the stockpiled feed will decline least
rapidly with tall fescue, and most rapidly with legumes.
Don't take a chance. Treat all incoming cattle with
IVOMEC® Plus (ivermectin/clorsulon)
Liver flukes are spreading and every load of incoming cattle could be
carrying them. The liver fluke problem is hard to diagnose and rarely
shows in clinical signs. Only IVOMEC® Plus
(ivermectin/clorsulon) kills liver flukes and other internal and
external parasites, all in a single dose. Product
®IVOMEC and the CATTLE HEAD LOGO are registered trademarks of
Merial. © 2006 Merial Limited. All rights reserved.
Weather And Crops
Heat Scorches The Nation
Temperature records continued to fall last week in the
grip of a nationwide heat wave that saw cattle dropping in feedlots,
municipal utility consumption soaring to new heights and people getting
grumpier than a toothless rattlesnake. Spun differently, soil and crop
conditions continue to deteriorate across big chunks of the nation. Even
in areas of drought that have received recent rains, while welcome, it's
little more than window-dressing.
For the week ending July 18, according to the National Ag Statistics
States with the worst pasture conditions -- at least 30% of the acreage
rated poor or worse -- include: Alabama (83%); Arizona (81%); Arkansas
(33%); Colorado (65%); Georgia (62%); Iowa (41%); Kansas (35%);
Louisiana (30%); Michigan (36%); Mississippi (60%); Missouri (52%);
Nebraska (58%); New Mexico (70%); North Dakota (62%); Oklahoma (61%);
South Dakota (52%); Texas (63%); Wisconsin (43%); Wyoming (63%).
- Corn -- 51% is at or beyond the silking
stage, which is 5% ahead of last year and 13%
ahead of average. Silking was reported at or ahead of normal in all
states but Indiana. 6% has entered the dough
stage, which is on par with last year and the
five-year average. 62% is rated Good or better, compared to 55% last year.
- Soybeans -- Blooming has begun on 60% of the
acreage, 1% behind last year, but 12% ahead of
normal. 16% was setting pods,
1% ahead of last year and 5% ahead of normal. 57% is
rated Good or better; 53% was at the same time
- Winter wheat -- 80% of the acreage has been
harvested. That's 4% ahead of last year and 7%
ahead of the normal pace.
- Spring wheat -- 97% of the crop is at or beyond
the heading stage, which is 7% ahead of last year
and 11% ahead of the five-year average. 34% is rated
Good or better, compared to 75% last year.
- Barley -- Heading advanced to 86%, compared to 87% at this time last year and 85% for
normal. 52% is rated Good or
better, compared to 80% last year.
- Sorghum -- 37% of the acreage is in the heading
stage, which is 12% ahead of last year and 9%
ahead of average. 23% was at or beyond turning
color, 7% ahead of last year and ahead of normal.
42% is ranked Good or better,
compared to 57% last year.
- Oats -- 18% of the acreage is harvested, which is 1% ahead of last year and 4% ahead of average.
33% is rated Good or better,
compared to 64% last year.
- Pasture -- 24% is rated Good and 4% is rated
Excellent, compared to 34% and 7%, respectively
last year. 23% is rated Poor and 18% is ranked Very
Poor, compared to 17% and 9% respectively at the
same time last year.
States with the lushest pasture conditions -- at least 40% rated good or
better -- include: Idaho (78%); Illinois (46%); Indiana (71%); Kentucky
(66%); Maine (79%); Maryland (61%); Michigan (46%); Nevada (42%); New
York (66%); North Carolina (56%); Ohio (72%); Oregon (53%); Pennsylvania
(68%); South Carolina (41%); Tennessee (46%); Utah (50%); Virginia
(58%); Washington (83%); West Virginia (66%).
Wheatland Stocker Conference
There's still time to sign up for the Wheatland Stocker
Conference set for August 18 at the Cherokee Strip Conference Center in
Enid, OK. The 20th annual event features a Who's Who of industry leaders
to discuss everything from the cattle cycle, to no-till and low-till
farming, to the impact of industry transitions on the stocker business.
Speakers and topics include:
To sign up -- registration is free, including lunch, contact
580/237-7677. For more information, contact Greg Highfill at
580/237-7677 or Greg.Highfill@okstate.edu.
- Paul Hitch, Hitch Enterprises, Guymon, OK, Change and the
- Mark Gardiner, Gardiner Angus Ranch, Ashland, KS, Change and the
- Jackie Moore, Joplin Regional Stockyards, Joplin, MO, Change and
the stocker business.
- Representative Frank Lucas, farm bill legislation.
- Dan Thomson, DVM, Kansas State University, Stocker cattle
- Derrell Peel, Oklahoma State University, Cattle cycle and stocker
- Craig Watz, FBI Special Agent, Kansas City, MO, food
- Roger Gribble, Area Agronomist, Enid, OK, No-till, low-till and
maintaining forage quality and quantity.
Other Upcoming Events
August 8 -- University of Arkansas "Conservation
Tillage and Stocker Cattle", Clark County Fairgrounds, Arkadelphia, AR.
For more information, call 870/246-2281.
September 28 -- Kansas State University (KSU) Beef Stocker
Conference, KSU Beef Stocker Unit, Manhattan, KS. For more information
Seeing is believing.
If you're tired of re-treating cattle for pinkeye, it's time to look for
a treatment with the power to see cattle through recovery.
TETRADURE 300 (oxytetracycline) Injection provides therapeutic
blood levels for 7 to 8 days.* To see more about TETRADURE 300
(oxytetracycline) Injection, talk to your veterinarian. Or, for
TETRADURE 300 product information, click
* Not for use in lactating dairy animals. Adverse reactions, including
injection site swelling, restlessness, ataxia, inflammation and
respiratory abnormalities, have been reported.
TETRADURE is a trademark of Merial. © 2005 Merial
Limited. All rights reserved.
Bears Growl With Cattle On Feed
Last Friday's monthly Cattle on Feed Report (COF) likely
will cast an unexpected pall over the marketplace: more monthly cattle
placement was reported than most every market analyst had predicted.
Total cattle on feed was reported at 10.9 million head, 5% ahead of last
year and 7% more than 2004. Marketings were reported at 2.2 million
head, 6% more than the same time last year and 6% more than two years
It was the June placements that shook things up, though -- 10% more than
a year ago, 18% more than two years ago. That's the second highest
placement for the month since the series was established a decade ago.
"Maybe the placement total should not have been such a shock as we
recall a handsome June feeder market, extremely dry conditions, and June
nationwide reported auction totals that were 19% higher than last year,"
say reporters for the Ag Marketing Service. "Feedlot placements weighing
under 700 lbs. dominated the data and were more than 30% over last year,
while weights over 700 lbs. were 5% less than a year ago."
For the record, the mid-year Cattle Inventory Report, also issued on
Friday, pegs all cattle and calves at 105.7 million head, up 1% from
July last year and 2% above 2004. Beef cows (33.9 million head) are up
less than 1% compared to last year; they're up 1% compared to two years
ago. The estimated inventory of beef replacement heifers remains
unchanged at 5 million head.
Calf Prices Fall
Calf prices were lower across the board last week by as
much as $10/cwt., more on fleshy unweaned calves, according to the
Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). That's despite the fact that corn
futures prices dropped in response to cash corn prices that had lost
nearly $0.30/bu. during the previous week.
AMS analysts says this past week's feeder and stocker cattle trade was
completely dominated by the overwhelming heat wave that covered most of
the U.S. Triple-digit temperatures covered all five major cattle feeding
areas resulting in significant death loss of calves, yearlings, and
finished cattle. Many Kansas feedlots reported a drop in feed
consumption and the absence of performance with many pens containing
fewer pounds of cattle than they did two weeks ago. Hot weather also
weighed on the dressed beef market with Choice cut-out values more than
$5/cwt. lower for the week as consumers deem conditions too hot to
The Cattle on Feed report issued Friday afternoon will likely keep the
price pressure on calves. AMS points out June placements under 700 lb.
were 30% more than a year ago (see Bears Growl...above).
The summary below reflects the week ended July 21 for Medium and Large 1
-- 500-550-lb., 600-650-lb., and 700-750-lb. feeder heifers and steers
(unless otherwise noted). The list is arranged in descending order by
auction volume and represents sales reported in the weekly USDA National
Feeder and Stocker Cattle Summary:
| State|| Volume ||Steers || Heifers
| Calf Weight|| 500-550 lbs. || 600-650 lbs.
|| 700-750 lbs.
|| 500-550 lbs.
|| 600-650 lbs. ||
700-750 lbs. |
| OK || 34,800
||$120.11 || $116.34 || $115.85 || $113.13
|| $108.05 |
| TX ||30,000 || $121.21
|| $123.62 ||
|| $110.38 || $104.46 |
| MO || 19,300 || $129.43 || $122.43 || $114.63 || $118.39 || $114.85 || $102.19 |
| AL ||16,800
|| $107-112 ||
$101-107 || $92-100 |
| KY* ||15,200 || $112-122 ||
$106-116 || $101-1115 || $107-117 || $100-1103 || $93-1035 |
| GA* ||11,100 || $102-122 ||
$95-112 || $92-105.50 || $98-115.50 || $90-105 || $95.50-97 |
| TN* ||10,100 || $114.54 ||$108.28 || $102.37
|| $106.89 ||$100.17 || $92.64 |
| NE ||10,000 || $143.12 ||
$130.61 || $126.01 || $128.36 || $124.34 || $114.73 |
| AR ||9,400
|| $112.36 || $107.19 || $110.74 ||
105.99 || $99.24 |
| FL* ||7,500 || $100-117
|| $90-113 ||
|| $89-102 || $91-954 |
||6,300 || $101-118.50 ||
$95-1133 || $90-1055 || $95-110 || $82-1053 || $80-965 |
| KS ||6,300 || $133.36 || $125.04 || $118.99 || $118.19 ||$114.83 || $111.34 |
| MS* ||5,500 || $110-1201 || $100-1103 || $96-1005 || $100-1101
| SD ||5,400
|| $124.854 || $115.096
|| $116.714 || $116.48 |
| LA ||4,600
|| $110-1182 || **
|| $98-1132 || **
| NM ||2,500
|| ** ||
** || **
|| ** || ** |
| VA ||2,100
||$118.30 || $111.56 ||
$110.24 ||$103.56 || $103.964 |
* Plus 2
** None reported at this weight or near weight
(***) Steers and bulls
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