Paper Mill Uses Recycled Water In Haying
At a time when irrigation water is hard to find in the
western U.S., an Arizona paper mill provides more than enough recycled
water to grow quality alfalfa near Snowflake, AZ. Nich Kenny is an ag
engineer overseeing a hay-growing operation owned by the Abitibi
"Our operation produces 7,000 tons of hay per year using water recycled
from the paper-making process," he reports. When the 40-year-old mill
converted from a virgin pulp paper-making process to using recycled
paper 13 years ago, the new process also created opportunities for using
leftover water. The mill produces 11 million gallons of effluent per day
during the process that transforms old newsprint, magazines and
corrugated cardboard back into useable newsprint paper.
The effluent is run through a tertiary treatment process to separate
solids from liquids. Then the water is sent to settling ponds and an
evaporation basin. When the water has reached the proper purification
level, it goes directly from a 35-acre-foot reservoir into the
irrigation process and is safe enough to grow crops for livestock
"We raise alfalfa with a rotation of wheat, in addition to Sordan for
green-chop silage," Kenny explains. Some of the hay is used in a
1,000-head feedlot operation managed by a custom farmer. "Mid-summer
rains make it difficult to make hay at the right time, so about 15% of
the hay we produce is cow hay," Kenny states. The rest of the hay, sold
in 100-lb bales, is retailed to local horse owners and to horse, sheep
and goat owners on a nearby Navajo reservation. "Our Navajo customers
typically buy between one to five bales per week, because they don't
have much available storage," Kenny says. He says demand was good at the
end of 2005, with hay selling for $200/ton. "I don't expect it to go
down in price until the end of March," he says.
Contact Kenny at 928-536-9237.
You can prevent stand loss. You can reduce dry-down time. You can
increase alfalfa forage quality, stand longevity and yield. You can
do it with Raptor® herbicide. Research trials prove that the
superior performance of Raptor controls grasses and broadleaf weeds,
enabling your alfalfa - and your bottom line - to thrive.
The chemical company.
Always read and follow label directions.
Raptor is a registered trademark of BASF. ® 2005 BASF
All Rights Reserved.
Drought Conditions Ease In Some Areas, Persist In
Moderate precipitation chipped away at the extreme
drought over northern Illinois, with some pullback of drought conditions
in northeastern Illinois, according to the latest U.S. Drought Monitor
report. Parts of northern Illinois and Iowa still report precipitation
deficits of over 12" for the last twelve months. Eastern Tennessee and
southeastern Kentucky received over 1" of rain, which helped ease
drought conditions slightly. Central Kentucky is still experiencing
severe drought, according to the National Weather Service.
The forecast for the next two weeks includes above-normal temperatures
and below-normal rainfall across the drought-affected areas of the
southern Plains and the southwestern U.S. Generally near-normal rain and
snow are indicated for the Midwest. Heavy rains in the West should taper
off, except in Washington, Oregon, and northern Idaho, which can expect
above-normal rains and high-elevation snows continuing.
Source National Weather Service.
Online Program To Provide Convenient Equine Education
Hay growers marketing to horse owners may soon be able
to recommend an online course offering the latest on equine nutrition
and health. Michigan State University (MSU) researchers and extension
educators are developing the course on current equine nutrition and
health issues, such as nutritional requirements, nutrients, feeding
management strategies and diseases.
"Survey results consistently indicate that the two most important topics
horse owners want to learn more about are nutrition and health," says
Christine Skelly, MSU animal scientist. "Survey participants also
indicated that they would like to be able to study from their homes or
offices because of time constraints." Skelly notes that traditional
face-to-face education programs are slowly declining. People who would
once readily attend a course are also limited by schedule conflicts.
The online equine course should be available this coming fall, she adds.
Source: Michigan State University.
Create your own future with the
innovative features, durable construction and excellent stability of
TL-A Series utility tractors. They can easily handle extra-heavy-duty
work around your operation. Take a closer look at TL-A Series Utility
tractors to see the generous number of outstanding standard features
that set them apart from the rest. To learn more, see your local New
Holland dealer or call 1-888-290-7377. www.newholland.com/h4/
Low hay inventories, alfalfa hay acreage and
production, plus continued growth in dairy cow numbers, all combined to
create a year that alfalfa hay growers will not soon forget, reports
Seth Hoyt, senior ag economist, California Agricultural Statistics
Service. In 2005, the alfalfa hay industry experienced record-high
prices; the alfalfa hay market ran $25-30/ton higher than in 2004, which
was considered to be a good market year. According to Market News,
supreme alfalfa hay delivered to dairies in the Tulare area in the
January-October 2005 period averaged $200.84/ton, with fair quality
averaging $143.54 delivered during the same period.
A wet fall curtailed alfalfa hay planting and reduced dairy-quality hay
production in 2004. That led to lower alfalfa hay acres in 2005, and
proved to be a factor in lower carryover supplies. A rain-delayed start
of the 2005 hay season, combined with very hot July weather and armyworm
infestations in some areas, brought disappointing yields through
September. Cuttings stretching into late October may have brought final
yields up slightly. "If you were a grower who normally puts hay in barns
for winter customers, you probably followed that pattern," Hoyt says.
"If you had barns but didn't have regular winter customers, your barns
may be empty or only partially filled. With record-high prices on
alfalfa and other hay, there was no incentive to put hay in barns."
High alfalfa hay prices couldn't have come at a more opportune time for
alfalfa hay growers, Hoyt relates. Higher input costs, including sharply
higher fuel and fertilizer prices, pushed hay breakeven prices higher.
Trucking had become a nightmare for growers with fewer trucks available
to haul hay the second half of the season, particularly after the spike
in fuel prices, affected by Hurricane Katrina. "Hopefully this situation
will improve if fuel prices continue to subside," Hoyt says. "If not, it
is something the hay industry will need to address."
In spite of higher input costs, California dairies continued to be
profitable in 2005. Over-base milk prices in California ranged from
$12.85 to $13.80 the first ten months of last year. That, combined with
higher milk production, made for another positive year in the dairy
industry. "Milk production in California in 2005 would have been even
better had it not been for tight supplies of higher-testing alfalfa
hay," Hoyt notes. "Many dairies that normally feed 56% TDN or better
alfalfa hay to milk cows were forced to feed 53-55% TDN hay. This had
to have an impact on milk production."
Feed grain prices, in the meantime, moved lower through last summer and
fall as the U.S. corn harvest came in just under the 2004-level record
high, Hoyt states. "This, combined with a large U.S. corn carryover,
made the outlook for feed grain prices favorable for dairy producers for
at least the first half of 2006. It was no surprise that the amount of
concentrate (grain) fed to California dairy cows through August 2005
increased to 29.6 lbs/cow, compared to 28.7 in 2004, according to the
CDFA Dairy Marketing Branch."
Dairy cow numbers continued to grow in California in 2005, but at half
the rate recorded a few years ago. Hoyt says 5,000 dairy cows per month
were added in California in 2001. The month-to-month growth averaged
2,500 head in 2005. "It is interesting that month-to-month cow growth
in Idaho is currently running ahead of California's growth, at
3,000-3,200 cows per month," Hoyt says. "The reasons for the slower
growth in California are varied, but some factors included tight
supplies and high prices of replacement heifers." He says that, in the
first ten months of 2005, the number of heifers shipped into California
from out of state dropped 14%. Milk cow prices were also very strong in
Hoyt says demand has improved for alfalfa hay from other states as a
result of both reduced alfalfa hay supplies in 2005 and as dairy
producers strive to increase milk production. Demand is particularly
good for hay from Utah. Alfalfa hay trucked into California the first
ten months of 2005 was up 21% from the same period in 2004. Shipments
of alfalfa hay from Utah in the same period were up 77% due to very
competitive on-farm prices. The projected alfalfa hay shipments into
California from other states in 2005 could reach 870,000-880,000 tons,
second only to the record 941,000-ton shipments in 1998.
Demand for alfalfa and alfalfa-grass mixtures was strong for the
California horse market in 2005, too. "Per-bale costs for alfalfa and
other hay at feed stores were up substantially," Hoyt says. "The cost to
feed my old, retired roping horse alfalfa meal has jumped to $8.99 for a
50-lb sack. One grower in the northern mountain area said the
orchardgrass or orchardgrass/alfalfa mix market was very strong last
Contact Hoyt at 916-498-5161, ext. 128.
Iowa Auction Report
Dyersville Sales Company, Dyersville, IA, reported
moderate offerings with mixed demand for dairy-quality hay in large
square bales at its Jan. 4 auction. "Dairy-quality hay took a hit, and a
lot of nice hay in big squares sold from $87.50 to $115/ton," reports
Dale Leslein, hay auction manager. "What I'm hearing is that with the
dry conditions we had, a lot of dairy hay was made. Lower-end hay is in
good demand." Large round bales of good-quality hay sold for between
$82.50 to $92.50/ton, while fair-quality large round bales averaged
$70-80/ton, and utility brought $55-65/ton. Large round bales of
good-quality prairie grass sold for $60-70/ton. Large square bales of
good-quality grass hay went for $85-100/ton, while large round bales of
good-quality grass hay averaged $70/ton. A total of 578 tons of hay and
straw were sold at the Jan. 4 auction.
The bedding market was lower than it had been, Leslein says, and 3 x 3
bales of wheat straw sold for $34-35/bale, while good-quality small
square straw bales went for $1.90/bale.
The next Dyersville auction will be held at 11 a.m., CST, on Jan. 11.
Contact Leslein at 563-875-2481, or 563-588-0657, or visit www.dyersvillesales.com/content/hay_auction.html.
There should be enough forage to meet demand if Montana
has a normal winter this year, according to the Billings Gazette.
The state's hay crop rebounded in 2005, as the state's producers
harvested 2 million tons more than in 2004. Good spring moisture and
favorable growing conditions provided a bright spot for Montana ranchers
and those who raise hay for sale. The forage crop was placed at more
than 6 million tons, or a 50% increase over 2004 numbers. As Montana
experienced some early cold snaps this fall, ranchers were glad to have
NK Brand Alfalfas deliver
more quality AND more yield. Our premium alfalfas, like Genoa,
Expedition and Boulder, combine high nutritional values with high
yields, plus outstanding agronomics and persistence for longer,
healthier stands. The result? More profit from your alfalfa acres -
whether you feed it or sell it. www.nk-us.com
I-29 Dairy Conference Covers Forages,
Forage growers as well as dairy producers should attend
the first-annual 1-29 Dairy Conference, set for Jan. 31 in Sioux Falls,
SD, says South Dakota State University extension dairy specialist Alvaro
Mitch Davis, general manager of Davis Family Dairies, will lead off the
day with a view of dairy industry development along I-29. Paul Kononoff,
a University of Nebraska dairy nutritionist, will discuss impacts of
forage choices on milk production. The first morning breakout sessions
focus on manure management on alfalfa, led by Mike Russelle, USDA-ARS
soil scientist, and harvest management for quality corn silage, led by
SDSU dairy scientist Arnold Hippen.
The second breakout sessions deal with whether chloride fertilization
can prevent milk fever, led by Ron Horst, physiologist with the National
Animal Disease Center, and molds and mycotoxins in corn silage, led by
SDSU extension plant pathologist Marty Draper. Afternoon speakers
include dairy nutritionist Jim Linn of the University of Minnesota (U of
M), who will talk about pricing forages based on quality, and U of M
extension economist Bill Lazarus. Lazarus will discuss pricing forages
based on production and harvesting. A panel discussion on custom
harvesting of forages ends the day.
The conference takes place at the Best Western Ramkota Hotel and
Conference Center, 3200 W. Maple, just off I-29. It begins at 10 a.m.
For more information or to register, call 605-688-4116. The registration
fee, which includes lunch, is $20.
Source: South Dakota State University.
Midwest Forage Association Meeting Set For Jan.
The Wisconsin Custom Operators, the Professional
Nutrient Applicators Association of Wisconsin, and the Midwest Forage
Association have scheduled their 2006 Symposium and Annual Meeting for
Jan. 31-Feb. 1 at the Stoney Creek Inn in Mosinee, WI.
With more than 25 educational sessions planned in a concurrent session
format, attendees will have a wide array of topics from which to choose.
They include: reducing business risk, proper manure application rates,
forage crop insurance, no-till forage research, new equipment updates,
new tractor technology, reducing fertilizer costs, nutrient management
regulation update, forage quality of grass-legume mixtures and much
For more information, an agenda or a registration form, call MFA at
651-484-3888, email email@example.com or
**Jan. 7-22 -- National Western Stock Show,
National Western Complex, Denver. Learn more at www.nationalwestern.com.
**Jan. 18 -- Tri-State Hay and Pasture Conference, Garret
College, McHenry, MD. Call 301-334-6960 for registration information.
Learn more at agnr.umd.edu/ForageEvents.
**Jan. 18-19 -- Washington State Hay Growers Association Convention
and Trade Show, Three Rivers Convention Center, Kennewick. Learn
more at www.wa-hay.org.
**Jan. 19 -- Southern Maryland Hay and Pasture Conference, Isaac
Walton League Outdoor Education Center, Waldorf. Call 301-475-4484 or
**Jan. 19-20 -- Delmarva Hay and Pasture Conference, Delaware
State Fairgrounds, Harrington. Contact Richard Taylor at firstname.lastname@example.org or 302-831-1383, or
**Jan. 19-20 -- Southwest Hay Conference & Trade Show, Ruidoso
Convention Center, Ruidoso, NM. Learn more at email@example.com, or call 505-626-5677 or
**Jan. 21 -- Winter Grazing of Tall Fescue Pasture Walk, Wye
Research and Education Center, Wye Angus Facility, Queenstown, MD. Learn
more at agnr.umd.edu/ForageEvents.
**Jan. 23-25 -- Silage for Dairy Farms Conference, Radisson Penn
Harris Hotel, Camp Hill, PA. Call 607-255-7654 or visit www.nraes.org.
**Jan. 24 -- Central Maryland Hay and Pasture Conference, Carroll
County Agricultural Center, Westminster. Contact Doug Tregoning at firstname.lastname@example.org, or call 301-590-2809.
**Jan. 25-26 -- Heart of America Grazing Conference, Cave City,
KY. Call 270-365-7541 or visit www.uky.edu/ag/forage.
**Feb. 3 -- Northern Indiana Grazing Conference, Shipshewana.
Call 260-463-3471, ext. 3.
**Feb. 7-8 -- Nebraska Alfalfa Marketing Association's Mid-America
Alfalfa Expo, Kearney. Contact Barb Kinnan at 800-743-1649 or visit
**Feb. 7-9 -- Producing Cash Hay for Virginia's Equine Industry
Workshops, Feb. 7-Armory in Chatham; Feb. 8-Southern Piedmont
Research Station, Blackstone; Feb. 9-Tidewater Research Station,
Suffolk. Registration for each will begin at 8 a.m. and the programs
will end at 3:30 p.m. Early registration deadline is Jan. 27. Contact
Chris Teutsch at email@example.com,
or call 434-0292-5331, ext. 234.
**Feb. 14-16 -- World Ag Expo, Tulare, CA. Learn more at www.worldagexpo.com.
**Feb. 22-23 -- Pennsylvania Hay and Silage Conference, Holiday
Inn, Grantville. Contact Lisa Crytser at 814-865-2543.
**Feb. 23 -- Kentucky Alfalfa Conference, Lexington. Contact
Garry Lacefield at 270-365-7541, ext. 202.
**Feb. 25 -- Bi-State Forage Institute: Focus on Hay, The
Stratford Inn, Harvard, IL. Call 847-223-8627.
**Feb. 27-28 -- Idaho Hay and Forage Association Meeting, Red
Lion Canyon Springs Hotel, Twin Falls. Learn more at www.idahohay.com/.
**March 10-14 -- 2006 American Forage and Grassland Council
Conference, Westin Riverwalk Hotel, San Antonio, TX. Learn more at
www.afgc.org, or call
Dana Tucker at 800-944-2342.
**March 14-15 -- Midwest Hay Business Conference and Expo,
Ramkota Hotel, Sioux Falls, SD. Sponsored by Hay & Forage Grower.
**April 21-23 -- Midwest Horse Fair, Alliant Energy Center,
Madison, WI. Learn more at www.midwesthorsefair.com.
**April 28-30 -- Minnesota Horse Expo, Minnesota State
Fairgrounds, St. Paul. Learn more at www.mnhorseexp.org.
**Sept. 7-9 -- National Hay Association 111th Annual Convention,
Snow King Resort, Jackson Hole, WY.
**Oct. 3-7 -- World Dairy Expo, Alliant Energy Center, Madison,
WI. Learn more at www.worlddairyexpo.com.
Steve P. Chancellor writes:
I would like to know how buyers expect to receive the
same quality of hay for 2006 when fertilizer and fuel prices are as high
as they are. Many growers will skimp on applying the right amount of
nutrients. Chemical prices, too, have gone way up. They should certainly
expect much higher prices for hay.
More About this Newsletter
You are subscribed to this newsletter as #email#
To get this newsletter in a different format (Text or HTML),
or to change your e-mail address, please visit your profile
page to change your delivery preferences.
For questions concerning delivery of this newsletter, please contact our
Customer Service Department at:
Customer Service Department
Delta Farm Press
A Prism Business Media publication
US Toll Free: 866-505-7173