Clarifying FDA Hay-Tracking Requirements
By Dan Undersander, University of
There has been some concern caused by recent press
releases about the need to track hay and grain sold off the farm
relative to the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and
Response Act of 2002. The requirements take effect on June 9 for
operations with more than 10 employees, and on Dec. 9 for all other
operations. The FDA requirements are stated in a fact sheet at www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fsbtac23.html.
The National Hay Association and others have checked with the FDA and
found that the recording requirements have been vastly overstated in the
press. According to the requirements, producers should keep track of
who/where commodities are bought from and who/where commodities are
Farms are specifically exempt. FDA is proposing to define "farm'' in
Sec. 1.227(c)(3) in part as "a facility in one general physical location
devoted to the growing of crops for food, the raising of animals for
food (including seafood), or both....Some examples of farms include:
apple orchards, hog farms, dairy farms, feedlots or aquaculture
facilities." The definition of farm includes: "(i) Facilities that pack
or hold food, provided that all of the food used in such activities is
grown or raised on that farm or is consumed on that farm; and (ii)
facilities that manufacture/process food, if all of the food used in
such activities is consumed on that farm or another farm under the same
ownership. ... Facilities that engage in manufacturing/processing,
packing or holding of food that are not described in the definition of
"farm'' must register. ... A farm that manufactures/processes, packs, or
holds food is not required to register with FDA, if all of the food used
in such activities is consumed on that farm or another farm under the
same ownership. For example, a farm that manufactures/processes animal
feed from ingredients obtained off the farm for consumption by animals
on the farm would be exempt because most farms that raise animals engage
in this activity."
Farmers who simply bale hay for sale do not have to register their
facilities or maintain records. The FDA does not consider baling hay as
processing. All the FDA needs is a receipt, contained in a receipt book,
showing the name of the person (or entity) that bought the hay, in
addition to listing the quantity that was purchased. There is no
requirement that hay producers keep track of all the bales and where
they go. Records that are maintained for tax purposes which show that a
sale was made, and to whom the sale was made, should be sufficient for
compliance. The new FDA rule will not require a farmer to change
recordkeeping as long as details of the feed sale are recorded.
Drying hay or grain and chopping for silage are considered post-harvest
activities, which would be considered manufacturing/processing.
Therefore, the facility drying hay or grain or chopping forage must
establish and maintain records of the food's receipt (if purchased) and
release (if sold) as required in 21 CFR 1.337 and 1.345. Those selling
silage or TMRs would fall under this requirement.
In particular, there is no need for being able to track lots of hay or
grain back to individual fields as some have indicated. Thus, the news
releases have been much ado about nothing. No additional records for hay
or grain sales are required beyond what most keep for tax records.
Contact Undersander at 608-263-5070 or email him at
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U.S. Firm Sets Up Vietnamese Dairy Plant
U.S. hay producers who are looking toward the
Vietnamese dairy hay market may be interested to learn that Gannon
Group, a U.S. food production company, has officially invested in
Vietnam with a project to set up a dairy holding company. The Vietnam
Hi-Tech Dairy Holding Company has total investment capital of $10
million. It specializes in producing fresh milk bearing a "Milky US"
trademark, according to reports in the Nhan-Dan newspaper in Hanoi.
The company's dairy factory is located in Tan Duc Industrial Park in
southern Long An province. It is designed to process 30 million liters
of milk annually. Milky US will also produce yogurt. Currently, Milky US
has a network of 30 major distributors from central Da Nang city
Nhan-Dan reports that Gannon expects Vietnam to be the group's second
fastest-growing market, following China, because 60% of the country's 80
million population is under age 20.
Source: Nhan-Dan Online News.
How Much Hay Does A Circus Elephant Eat?
According to the Delaware News Journal Online, each
elephant traveling with the Ringling Brothers, Barnam & Bailey Circus
eats up to 100 lbs of hay per day. The circus travels with some hay, but
also buys hay from local feed stores while on the road.
Source: Delaware News Journal Online.
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both seedling and established alfalfa can have a significant effect
in improving the yield potential and forage quality of your
The chemical company.
Always read and follow label directions.
Raptor is a registered trademark of BASF. © 2005 BASF
All Rights Reserved.
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Sign Up For MarketMaxx
Sign up and play The Corn And Soybean Digest's
fantasy grain game called MarketMaxx. It's easy, fun and hopefully
you'll learn a little more about how to market the corn and beans you
raise. It's easy to sign up. Just log on to www.marketmaxx.net
and register at the top left and begin trading your fictitious 100,000
bu of corn and 50,000 bu of soybeans. If you're a winner at the end of
the game on Oct. 31, you could take home the grand prize of a year's use
of a Massey Ferguson tractor or combine. Or, win additional prizes such
as a computer system from Syngenta Crop Protection, customized rugged
mobile computers from Grayhill Custom Mobile Solutions, or a high-speed
satellite Internet service from Agristar Global Networks.
Get a pair of authentic DICKEY-john work
gloves with Hay Moisture Tester orders placed by June 16!
Find the optimum baling time and maximize your crop's value with the hay
producer's most essential instrument. Precise and portable, it measures
bales or windrows.
Visit www.dickey-john.com for more
details and the distributor nearest you.
Hayfields are looking good in much of North Dakota,
according to Dwain Meyer, North Dakota State University extension
agronomist. "We had very little winter injury or winterkill," he says.
"We had a little bit of standing water that caused some loss in some
irrigated fields, but in general the state is in excellent condition for
a hay crop this year. We had enough moisture last fall and this spring
that we should have a very good first crop of hay." Meyer expects the
first cutting to begin around June 1. "We had about 10 days of cool
temperatures that slowed production down a little bit," he says.
Alfalfa weevils started showing up in western and south-central North
Dakota, but the cool temperatures have prevented them from becoming a
big problem yet.
Contact Meyer at 701-2331-8154.
Much of last year's hay supply is cleaned up and gone,
reports Nick Huntsman, owner, Mountain Valley Hay, Enterprise. "Demand
has been good and some hay is moving, but most of it was contracted
ahead of time," he says. First cutting should begin around June 1.
Huntsman says local hay producers are concerned about what low milk
prices are going to do to the dairy hay market. "Dairy producers are
buying hay hand-to-mouth and using up supplies before contracting too
far ahead," he notes. Rainy conditions in the West last summer drove up
dairy hay prices. "We are seeing better crops in parts of the West this
year," Huntsman says. "I think really good hay will keep getting good
prices, but once the quality goes down, the prices will follow."
Fuel prices are another topic of concern. "Fuel prices really impact us
in this area because there isn't really a good local market for our
hay," Huntsman explains. "Almost all of our hay gets on a truck and goes
400-500 miles. You have to compete with closer hay and so farmers are
absorbing the cost of fuel. The fuel price is going to be a dramatic
bite for most growers. I figure a $1/gallon rise in fuel prices amounts
to an additional cost of between $5 and $7/ton on a load of hay. It
helps to have backhauls on trucks to ease the costs somewhat."
Huntsman sells hay to the dairy market, feed stores and for export to
the Pacific Rim, Middle East and South America.
Contact him at 435-632-4464.
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whether you feed it or sell it. www.nk-us.com
Clemson Beef And Forage Field Day Is June
John Andrae, Clemson University forage specialist, will
talk about new forage varieties and Greg Harvey, Sumter County extension
agent, will speak on weed identification and control at the Clemson
Extension Service Beef and Forage Field Day. The event will be held June
3 at Wateree Farms, Rembert, SC. Bobby Summerset of Wateree Farms will
speak on cattle management, and his colleague, Ray Watford, will talk
about the farms' heifer barn and cattle-working facility. Hay equipment
and electronic cattle identification demonstrations will be conducted.
The program, organized by the Central Cattlemen's Association, runs from
8:15 a.m. until around 3 p.m. Lunch will be served. Producers interested
in cattle management, forage production and weed identification are
encouraged to attend.
Since Wateree Farms is a facility of the South Carolina prison system,
program participants must be preregistered. No one will be allowed to
bring a weapon onto the facility. Attendees must have a picture ID in
their possession at all times, stay with groups and avoid contact with
inmates. Cameras will be allowed with restrictions.
To prevent contamination while attending the field day, participants
should not wear clothing and shoes that have been worn on their farms
while working with animals.
Call the Sumter County extension office at 803-773-5561 by May 31 to
register and get directions.
Four-State Dairy Nutrition And Management Conference
Is June 14-15
Leading dairy industry experts will come together for
the 2006 Four-State Dairy Nutrition and Management Conference, June
14-15 at the Grand River Center, Dubuque, IA.
Extension dairy specialists from Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and
Wisconsin, and a panel of industry professionals, will cover a number of
topics. They include feeding heifers efficiently, dry period length,
calf feeding economics, reproduction, milk fever prevention, rumensin
feeding tips, and long-day effect on heifers and first-lactation cows.
Jan Shearer, University of Florida, will discuss lameness in dairy
cattle and managing foot problems. Lon Whitlow, North Carolina State
University, will address mycotoxins and feeding management to avoid
The event starts at 8:30 a.m., June 14, with a morning preconference
symposium sponsored by Alltech. Symposium topics include mycotoxins in
dairy cattle, dealing with pathogens and toxins, and selenium's role as
Following the 11:45 a.m. adjournment on June 15, participants can stay
and attend one of four in-depth workshops from noon to 3 p.m. The
topics: dairy ration formulation, dairy labor management, dairy
financial analysis, and measuring dairy production parameters. During
these hands-on workshops, producers and industry representatives will
get individualized help on such tasks as balancing dairy cattle rations
or writing a labor contract and work schedule.
For registration and program information, check the University of
Minnesota Extension Service dairy Web site, www.extension.umn.edu/dairy/efforts/4StateDairyNutMgmtConf06_brochure.pdf,
or contact Marcia Endres at 612-624-5391.
**May 25 -- University of Florida Corn Silage And
Forage Field Day, Plant Science Unit, Citra. Contact Jerry Wasdin at
352-392-1120 or firstname.lastname@example.org, or
visit www.animal.ufl.edu. Under "Dairy Cattle," click on
"Corn Silage Field Day."
**June 14-15 -- Four-State Dairy Nutrition And Management
Conference, Grand River Center, Dubuque, IA. Call Dave Fischer,
618-692-9434, or Leo Timms, 515-294-4522.
**June 15 -- Purdue University Forage Management Workshop, 8 a.m.
to 4:30 p.m. Registration is $80/person. Registration forms and workshop
brochures are available at www.agry.purdue.edu/dtc/open.htm. For more
information, contact call 765-496-3755 or email email@example.com.
**June 21 -- Intergenerational Transfer, New Swing 10 Parlor and
Freestall Tour and Intensive Grazing Pasture Walk, Chris and Angie Neis
Farm, 12433 Loran Road, Mt. Carroll, IL. Jim Morrison, University of
Illinois Extension, will discuss pasture species renovation and
fertility management. Contact Kevin Bernhardt, 608-342-1365.
**June 22 -- Montana Hay Day And Field Research Tour, Montana
State University Central Agricultural Research Center, 2 miles west of
Moccasin. Registration will begin at 9 a.m. and tours at 9:30. A lunch
is scheduled. For more information, contact the center at 406-423-5421,
or David Wichman at 406-423-5421 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
**July 6-8 -- Missouri Dairy Grazing Conference, University of
Missouri Southwest Research Center, Mt. Vernon. Learn more about the
conference and tours at agebb.missouri.edu/dairy/grazing/index.htm. Mail
registration to Missouri Dairy Grazing Conference, University of
Missouri Extension, 700 Main Street, Suite 4, Cassville, MO 65625 or
**Sept. 7-9 -- National Hay Association 111th Annual Convention,
Snow King Resort, Jackson Hole, WY. Call 800-707-0014 or visit www.nationalhay.org.
**Sept. 12 -- Kentucky Forage And Grassland Council Field Day,
Dobbs Shady Meadow Farm, Campbell County. Learn more at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage.
**Oct. 3-7 -- World Dairy Expo, Alliant Energy Center, Madison,
WI. Learn more at www.worlddairyexpo.com.
**Nov. 21 -- Kentucky Grazing Conference, Fayette County
Extension Office, Lexington. Learn more at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage.
**Dec. 11-13 -- Western Alfalfa & Forage Conference, Reno, NV.
Contact Dan Putnam at 530-752-8982 or email@example.com, or Glenn
Shewmaker at 208-736-3608 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
**Jan. 18-19 -- Southwest Hay Conference, Ruidoso Convention
Center, Ruidoso, New Mexico. Contact Doug Whitney at email@example.com, or call Gina
Sterrett at 505-626-5677.
**Jan. 24-25 -- Heart Of America Grazing Conference, Holiday Inn,
Mount Vernon, IL. Contact Garry Lacefield at 270-365-7541, ext. 202, or
**Feb. 27 -- Kentucky Alfalfa Conference, Cave City Convention
Center. Learn more at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage.
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