Tips For Killing An Old Forage Stand
Growers have the option of using tillage and/or
herbicides to remove a forage stand, according to Michigan State
University (MSU) experts. If a herbicide method is chosen, fall is an
ideal time to kill an established legume stand in parts of the northern
U.S. Similar methods can be used to remove a clover crop or an old
alfalfa stand. The field should be mowed in late August or early
September in central and lower Michigan, for example, or mid-August in
northern Michigan. Growers are urged to check with local forage experts
to find the ideal time for their specific region of the country.
Following cutting, allow the plants to regrow for four weeks before the
herbicide application. At the time of application, the plant canopy
should be at least 6" tall.
MSU trials have shown that a properly timed fall application of
glyphosate should be adequate at killing the weed and legume species
commonly found in an old alfalfa or clover sod. Farmers may choose to
add a growth regulator herbicide, like 2,4-D ester or dicamba, to the
glyphosate to ensure adequate control of broadleaf perennial weeds. This
can be fairly inexpensive and may be beneficial under certain
conditions. However, if a growth regulator is added to the tankmix, do
not reduce the glyphosate rate, as this could result in lost glyphosate
efficacy due to herbicide antagonism.
All removal applications should made when there are adequate soil and
daytime air temperatures. Application should be made when the leaves are
dry, the wind is calm and there is no risk of rainfall for several
hours. The plants should be green, actively growing and not showing
symptoms of frost injury.
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USDA Announces Drought Assistance
Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns has announced $780
million in assistance to help farmers and ranchers manage
weather-related production challenges. The announcement was made during
a visit to South Dakota last week. This funding includes a new $50
million program for livestock producers impacted by drought, focusing
nearly $30 million in unused conservation funds on drought and
accelerating the delivery of an estimated $700 million in
The new program for livestock producers, called the Livestock Assistance
Grant Program, will provide $50 million in Section 32 to states in block
grant form. States will distribute to livestock producers in counties
that were designated as D3 or D4 on the Drought Monitor anytime between
March 7 and Aug. 31, 2006. The grants are to help livestock producers
restore their buying power. A list of eligibility criteria and eligible
counties can be found at www.usda.gov by clicking on the drought
The nearly $30 million in unused conservation funds includes almost $19
million in unused Emergency Conservation Program (ECP) funds and $11
million in unused Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) money. The ECP funds
will go to 27 states. Information on eligibility and a list of the
states and funding are also posted online. The GRP funds will help to
protect drought-affected grazing lands and will be distributed to 14
states. These funds will be focused on pending GRP applications for
rental agreements in drought-affected areas.
Johanns also directed Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
state conservationists to work with their producers and state technical
committees to focus remaining 2006 and a portion of 2007 conservation
program funds on resource conservation practices related to drought
response and mitigation. Programs such as the Environmental Quality
Incentives Program (EQIP), the Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program
(WHIP), the Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) program and GRP
have built-in flexibility and local decision-making ability to encourage
a focus on state-specific concerns, such as those related to drought.
Kansas CRP Haying, Grazing Extended Until Sept.
The Kansas Farm Service Agency announced it extended
emergency Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) haying and grazing until
the end of the month, according to reports in The Hutchinson News
newspaper. Producers in drought-stricken counties now can use CRP acres
until Sept. 30. Livestock producers in 39 Kansas counties are eligible
for the program and can hay and graze their own CRP or can buy rights in
any county in an expanded area. The area includes counties within a
150-mile radius of any approved county for emergency haying and
CRP participants in the expanded area who are not in the 39 approved
Kansas counties can't hay or graze their CRP acres for their own use.
Previous counties approved include Clark, Comanche, Edwards, Ellis,
Ellsworth, Finney, Ford, Grant, Gray, Greeley, Hamilton, Haskell,
Hodgeman, Kearny, Lane, Meade, Morton, Ness, Rush, Russell, Scott,
Seward, Stanton, Stevens and Wichita. CRP participants will be assessed
a 10% reduction in their annual rental payment for the acres actually
hayed or grazed.
Meanwhile, Gov. Kathleen Sebelius recently announced that Kansas
ranchers will receive nearly $4.8 million in aid under the recently
announced Livestock Assistance Grant Program from USDA.
You can prevent stand loss. You can reduce dry-down time. You can
increase alfalfa forage quality, stand longevity and yield. You can
do it with Raptor® herbicide. Research trials prove that the
superior performance of Raptor controls grasses and broadleaf weeds,
enabling your alfalfa - and your bottom line - to thrive.
The chemical company.
Always read and follow label directions.
Raptor is a registered trademark of BASF. © 2005 BASF
All Rights Reserved.
Alabama farmers are reporting dwindling hay crops in
spite of recent scattered showers, according to reports in the
Cullman Times newspaper. Fall armyworm outbreaks across the state
also have taken a toll on the hay crop. Livestock producers throughout
the state are reporting that they don't have enough hay stored to feed
their herds throughout the winter. Some have been selling livestock,
driving prices down at area stockyards. Much of the hay that is
available is reported to be poor quality.
Nebraska hay prices were steady last week, according to
the University of Wisconsin's weekly hay market demand and price report.
Trade activity was moderate to active. Demand was very good, and hay
inventories are steadily declining.
Iowa's hay prices were mixed to slightly higher under moderate to good
South Dakota hay prices were steady. Demand continued very good for all
classes. Straw prices were steady.
Missouri also reported steady hay prices with moderate demand and light
supply. Rains finally fell in southern parts of the state and continued
to fall in the north. Farmers were hoping that moisture would continue
to allow for some fall growth, but some areas were possibly past the
point of any recovery this year. Grass types of hay have been moving
very well. A lot of hay has moved out of the state toward the Southwest
and has been selling at prices as high as anyone remembers.
Southwestern Minnesota hay prices have been mixed to lower than earlier
in the month. Sales activity was reported to be moderate in the area.
The demand for Illinois hay was moderate, with moderate sales. Prices
were steady and the supply was moderate to heavy. Most of the demand for
hay came from horse interests and out of state. Many growers have baled
their third cuttings and were working on their fourth or fifth cuttings
last week. Mid-August rainfall gave new life to pastures as well as
alfalfa stands. Potato leafhoppers continued to be the most common pest
bothering alfalfa growers, with many spraying after every cutting. Straw
prices were steady with most of the demand coming from the landscaping
industry. Demand has been moderate for the moderate-to-heavy supply of
As of Aug. 27, 75% of the third alfalfa harvest had been completed in
Wisconsin. That compared to 65% in 2005 and the five-year average of
59%. Many growers reported a very strong third cutting.
Straw prices in the Midwest averaged $2.14 per small square bale (range
of $1.50 to $3); $22.81 per large square bale (range of $18 to $27.50);
and $22 per large round bale (range of $21 to $23). Compared to the
previous week, straw prices were down 2% for small square bales, 1% for
large square bales and 5% for large round bales.
In Midwestern states, the average price for small square bales of prime
hay -- 151 or greater relative feed value (RFV)/relative forage quality
(RFQ) -- was $121/ton, with a maximum price of $160/ton and minimum
price of $50/ton. Large square bales of the same quality averaged
$118/ton, ranging from $50 to $160/ton. Large round bales averaged
$86/ton and ranged from $50 to $102/ton.
Grade 1 hay -- 125 to 150 RFV/RFQ -- averaged $80/ton in small square
bales, with a maximum price of $90/ton and minimum price of $70/ton.
Large square bales averaged $71/ton, ranging from $40 to $90/ton, and
large round bales ranged from $33 to $85/ton, averaging $58.19/ton.
Small square bales of Grade 2 hay -- 103 to 124 RFV/RFQ -- averaged
$60/ton, ranging from and $50 to $70/ton. Large square bales of Grade 2
hay averaged $71.67/ton, ranging from $60 to $85/ton, and large round
bales ranged from $30 to $75/ton and averaged $48/ton.
The biggest ideas in haying equipment
come from New Holland. Like the BW Series self-propelled automatic bale
wagon, featuring a new five-speed automatic transmission that provides
excellent speed matching ability. Choose a slower ground speed in
high-density crops, or fifth gear overdrive for no-load road speed. To
learn more, see your local New Holland dealer or call 1-888-290-7377. www.newholland.com/h4/
**Sept. 7-9 -- National Hay Association 111th Annual
Convention, Snow King Resort, Jackson Hole, WY. Call 800-707-0014 or
**Sept. 7-9 -- Stockman's School For Profit, Rockin H Ranch,
Norwood, MO. Gerald Fry and Cody Holms will provide real live data and a
close-up look at how the Rockin H Ranch of 900 cow/calf pairs has grown
to a successful family operation in the last 31 years. Ranchers can
learn how to profitably operate a ranch. Contact Cody Holmes at
417-844-2619, email firstname.lastname@example.org, or visit www.rockinh.net.
**Sept. 12 -- Kentucky Forage And Grassland Council Field Day,
Dobbs Shady Meadow Farm, Campbell County. Learn more at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage.
**Sept. 21-24 -- World Beef Expo, Wisconsin State Fair Park near
Milwaukee. Learn more at www.worldbeefexpo.com, or call 414-266-7050.
**Oct. 3-7 -- World Dairy Expo, Alliant Energy Center, Madison,
WI. Learn more at www.worlddairyexpo.com.
**Oct. 17-19 -- Sunbelt Ag Exposition, Moultrie, GA. Visit www.sunbeltexpo.com
or call 229-985-1968.
**Oct. 20-21 -- 5th Annual Pennsylvania Statewide Project Grass
Conference, Williamsport. Featured speakers include Jim Gerrish and
Allen Williams, plus many more. Contact Kris Ribble at email@example.com or
570-784-4401, ext. 111.
**Oct. 24-25 -- Western Hay Business Conference & Expo, Red Lion
Hotel at the Park, Spokane, WA. Sponsored by Hay & Forage Grower.
Register at $150 per person and bring a second person from your
operation for $125. Learn more at www.hayconference.com.
**Nov. 14-15 -- 2006 BEEF Magazine's Quality Summit,
Clarion Hotel, Oklahoma City. Learn more and sign up at www.beef-mag.com.
**Nov. 21 -- Kentucky Grazing Conference, Fayette County
Extension Office, Lexington. Learn more at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage.
**Dec. 11-13 -- Western Alfalfa & Forage Conference, Reno, NV.
Contact Dan Putnam at 530-752-8982 or firstname.lastname@example.org, or Glenn
Shewmaker at 208-736-3608 or email@example.com.
**Jan. 18-19 -- Southwest Hay Conference, Ruidoso Convention
Center, Ruidoso, NM. Learn more at the New Mexico Hay Association Web
site at www.nmhay.com.
Contact Doug Whitney at firstname.lastname@example.org or call Gina
Sterrett at 505-626-5677.
**Jan. 24-25 -- Heart Of America Grazing Conference, Holiday Inn,
Mount Vernon, IL. Contact Garry Lacefield at 270-365-7541, ext. 202, or
**Feb. 6-7 -- Mid-America Alfalfa Expo, Buffalo County
Fairgrounds, Kearney, NE. Visit www.alfalfaexpo.com or call Barb Kinnan at
**Feb. 27 -- Kentucky Alfalfa Conference, Cave City Convention
Center. Learn more at www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage.
**Feb. 28-March 2 -- National Grassfed Beef Conference,
Grantville, PA. Contact John Comerford at 814-863-3661 or email@example.com, or Dave Hartman at
570-784-6660, ext. 12, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
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