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September 14, 2009
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Contents
  • Review Top 10 List Prior to Fall Application
  • Workshop Attendees Implement Knowledge
  • Manure Safety Tags Available
  • Free Nutrient Management Plan Help
  • Texas Manure Management Conference Scheduled
  • Webcast to Address Air Emissions
  • Training Covers Manure-Based Energy Production
  • Meeting Targets Soil and Crop Sustainability
  • Learn About Thermal Effects on Cattle

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      Review Top 10 List Prior to Fall Application
    Iowa State University (ISU) has put together a top 10 list of steps to take to prepare for fall manure application. ISU’s Manure Management Action Group encourages producers to plan ahead by paying attention to the following points.
    1. Review manure management plans. Prior to land application, review manure, nutrient, or comprehensive nutrient management plans. Share information with employees and commercial manure applicators and evaluate fields for application.

    2. Know and follow land application separation distances. All animal feeding operations, regardless of size, are subject to separation distances from designated areas, such as water sources in Iowa. ISU suggests getting copies of aerial photographs of your and neighbors’ fields to which manure is to be applied. Map out neighbors’ houses, in addition to churches, businesses, schools, cemeteries and public use areas. Also mark designated areas such as wells, abandoned wells, cisterns, designated wetlands, tile inlets to agricultural drainage wells, etc. Sketch out separation distances.

    3. Make sure manure applicator certification is current. If you are not sure of your current applicator certification status, contact your local Department of Natural Resources licensing bureau.

    4. Develop an emergency action plan. Train employees in manure spill response procedures. Ask your commercial manure applicator if they have an action plan in the event of a spill. Post and share important contact phone numbers for emergency response units. Review safety issues and procedures related to dangerous manure gases. Never enter a building or manure storage unit when pumping or agitating. ISU offers a number of resources for developing emergency action plans and safety training.

    5. Take manure samples. Taking manure samples prior to land application will provide nutrient analysis results to help plan application rates for this fall.

    6. Take time for soil sampling. Will you need to update a Manure Management Plan in the next year or two requiring soil samples for recalculating phosphorus indexes? If so, fall is a good time to take samples. Samples should be taken prior to manure application.

    7. Calibrate application equipment. Calibrating manure application equipment helps ensure correct application rates and also makes it possible to better use manure nutrients.

    8. Pay attention to proper timing of manure application. A new law was passed in Iowa prohibiting the application of liquid manure from confinement facilities on snow-covered or frozen ground during certain times of the year. Be aware of application requirements.

    9. Consider the neighbors. Work with your neighbors to let them know about your manure application plans. If possible, tell them how long it might take to apply manure, how you plan to apply the manure, and how long they might expect to smell the manure. Inquire about any outdoor events coming up in the neighborhood, such as weddings, Friday night football games, and cookouts to avoid controversy related to spreading manure prior to those events.

    10. Be safe. Many manure spills happen because people are in a hurry or are tired from long hours of application work. Get plenty of rest, take breaks and slow down. Take time to inspect equipment. This will help protect employees and reduce the chances of equipment malfunction. Observe all laws of the road and watch out for the “other driver” who may not realize you are moving at a much slower rate of speed. Check and replace slow- moving vehicle signs as needed. Check lights to make sure they are working and are visible.
    ISU’s Manure Management Action Group offers additional details on many of these points, in addition to providing links to brochures on a number of related topics online at www.agronext.iastate.edu/.

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      Workshop Attendees Implement Knowledge
    Minnesota farmers and producers who participated in University of Minnesota (UM)-sponsored small group manure management workshops are likely to adopt water-friendly practices that also save them money, according to a survey by UM’s Water Resources Center.

    During the winter of 2008-2009, Water Resources Center researchers held “Value of Manure” small group workshops in 22 counties across the state. The 267 workshop participants, 87% of whom were agricultural producers, learned to use a university-developed spreadsheet program to compare costs and returns from alternative manure management practices on their own farms.

    As a result of the workshop and spreadsheet findings, 74% of workshop attendees said they would change their application rates and timings. And about one-third of all attendees who weren’t already testing, calibrating and keeping a record of their manure applications said they would start as a result of the workshops.

    In addition to helping farmers reduce the amount of phosphorus and pathogens that enter surface and ground water as a result of over-application, the plans had the added benefits of lowering costs. Nearly 75% of attendees said they could improve manure economic return per acre by $5 or more based on their spreadsheet calculations.

    The workshops were organized by the Water Resources Center and University of Minnesota Extension, with assistance from Soil and Water Conservation Districts, and County Feedlot Officers. They were funded by a federal grant through the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. Learn more at wrc.umn.edu


      Manure Safety Tags Available
    The Iowa Pork Producers Association (IPPA) offers hang tags to help promote safety by keeping people out of swine buildings during manure pit pumping. The tags boldly communicate the message, “STOP! Manure Agitation and Pump–Out in Progress,” and are designed to hang on facility doors. These tags are available to pork producers and commercial manure applicators. The tags are designed to limit confusion and increase employee and family safety.

    The IPPA wants to remind producers and employees that no one should enter a confinement site building or manure storage structure when agitation and pump-out is taking place. To request tags, contact Tyler Bettin, IPPA Producer Education Director by calling 515-225-7675 or email tbettin@iowapork.org.

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      Free Nutrient Management Plan Help
    Livestock producers located west of the Mississippi River can receive free and confidential help preparing nutrient management plans under the Comprehensive Livestock Environmental Assessment and Nutrient Management Plans West (CLEANmp) program. The Environmental Resources Coalition (ERC) has been awarded a federal grant to help livestock and poultry producers obtain environmental assessments of their operations. The group will also help develop or review nutrient management plans. Both services are provided at no cost to the producer.

    The services are implemented by approved independent service providers. The scope of the CLEANmp program does not include the collection of soil or manure samples. Participation in the CLEANmp program is voluntary. The program for the western United States is available to any producer in Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regions 7, 8, 9, and 10, but excludes Hawaii. Producers must request a CLEANmp environmental assessment or nutrient management plan project by completing an application form. Approved CLEANmp service providers will then submit bids to complete the requested project. The bid that represents the best value and quality to the producer and to the program is accepted.

    More specific details about the Cleanmp project for the western U.S. are explained online at www.cleanmp-west.org/. Visit the Environmental Resources Coalition website at www.erc-env.org/.

    The Environmental Resources Coalition is a non-profit group dedicated to water quality protection and improvement efforts. The CLEANmp program will run until 2011.

    A similar program for 27 states in the eastern United States, called CLEANEast, is administered by RTI International and North Carolina State University. Learn more about the eastern program online at livestock.rti.org/Home/tabid/36/Default.aspx.


      Texas Manure Management Conference Scheduled
    The Texas Animal Manure Management Issues (TAMMI) Conference will be held Sept. 29-30 at the Austin Marriott North in Round Rock, TX. The TAMMI Conference will provide education and information about proper animal manure management for environmental protection. The two-day program includes keynote speeches on what the animal industry and regulatory community need in order to ensure a viable animal industry while working on effective environmental protection.
    Learn more about the program online at grovesite.com/page.asp?o=tamu&s=TAMMI&p=353016.


      Webcast to Address Air Emissions
    The Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship Center’s Webcast for September is titled "Air Emissions from Land Application of Manure." This Sept. 18 presentation will include an overview of the issues and comparison of emissions from currently available land application systems. Speakers will also discuss odor monitoring and injection of solid manure including research highlights on this topic.

    To participate in this Webcast please visit www.extension.org/pages/Upcoming_Webcasts.

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      Training Covers Manure-Based Energy Production
    The Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Department at Iowa State University is coordinating a short course on energy production via anaerobic digestion of dairy manure during World Dairy Expo. The training takes place Sept. 28-29 at the Madison Concourse Hotel in Madison, WI.

    The short course is designed to provide the latest information and resources that consultants, decision makers, system reviewers, information providers or producers can use to understand and address issues related to anaerobic digestion of dairy manure. It has been designed to walk through dairy manure energy production from fundamental principles to case histories.

    The course instructors have been selected from industry and academia based on their leadership and success in this area.
    The cost of the sessions is $595 for Expo attendees and $795 for exhibitors. Registration and additional information are available online at: www.ucs.iastate.edu/


      Meeting Targets Soil and Crop Sustainability
    Sustainability in crops and soils will be highlighted in the research presented at the annual meetings of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America slated for Nov. 1-5, 2009, at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center in Pittsburgh, PA.

    The combined meetings are expected to attract more than 3,000 scientists, professionals, educators and students presenting new technologies and discussing emerging trends in agriculture, energy, climate change, carbon trading, science education and related issues.

    The meeting theme, "Footprints in the Landscape: Sustainability through Plant and Soil Sciences," sums up a program built around daily plenary sessions, nine distinguished lectures, 2,500+ oral and poster presentations, an exhibit hall, career center and other events.

    For meeting information, including searchable abstracts and other event details, visit: www.acsmeetings.org.

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    NHF Weekly Preview provides pork producers in the United States and Canada with weekly analysis of items that will impact their business. NHF Weekly Preview is brought to you from the editors of National Hog Farmer.

      Learn About Thermal Effects on Cattle
    The American Dairy Science Association is sponsoring a conference on Nov. 2-5 to explore the Effect of the Thermal Environment on Nutrient and Management Requirements of Cattle. The conference will be held at the Brown County Inn, Nashville, TN. Effects of the thermal environment on nutritional management, reproduction and genetics of both dairy and beef cattle will be discussed.

    Registration is limited to the first 120 registrants. The early registration deadline is Oct. 2. Download a conference program or register online at www.adsa.org/.


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